3 Applications of Nuclear Technology in The Medical Field - Home

Importance of nuclear technology in medicine

Nuclear technology has been a great help and benefit to medicine, thanks to this we can see big machines which serve to examine and emit images of the internal part of a person’s body, even in 3D quality that are totally non-invasive and pain-free.

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Medical advances

It is also important for treatments that achieve the cure of lethal diseases; all of these being able to save so many lives or prevent a condition that could harm the person.

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Out of risks

Radiation exams are out of risk, although the person is exposed to radiosondes during the analysis, the amount of radiation to which they are exposed is minimal and totally reliable.

In addition to providing much more detailed information on the atomic structure of the person being analyzed, compared to other methods such as exploration surgery.

The medical industry is making the most of the latest technological advances.

From artificial intelligence to nanotechnology, medical research labs, hospitals, and medical startups are making the most of technology in order to improve clinical standards and patient care.

Another exciting development is the pervasive use of digital channels and big data when it comes to treatments, diagnostics, and care.

The digital revolution has truly been one of the most exciting medical developments of recent times — impacting everything from online pharmacy care to how we treat common conditions like migraines and diabetes.

Over the counter medicine and patient-centred care is bringing medical treatments into our homes and creating a more democratic approach to medicine and improving at-home care.

Let’s take a closer look at some of the most exciting recent technology advances.

Rise of medtech

Technology is helping us heal — medtech boasts one of the most dynamic startup scenes across the board — rivalling martech and spawning exciting offshoots like femtech.

From the precision of nano-tech medicine to super popular health wearables, or VR devices helping surgeons practise complex procedures, medtech is having a huge impact.

Medtech can also work behind the scenes in drug manufacturing, improving efficiency. Medtech can help us solve healthcare inequalities and make drugs and treatments more affordable and increasingly available over the counter.

Personalized medicine and online pharmacies

Medicine and treatments are becoming more precise thanks to technology. From patient-specific products now being a possibility thanks to 3D printing, to advanced genotyping and DNA-led therapy, medical care is being increasingly individualized.

Making medicine more precise has also contributed to the creation of increasingly high quality telehealth and medical apps, allowing patients to self-manage their conditions more effectively.

Online pharmacies have also become increasingly common, giving patients the chance to have a more proactive approach to their own treatment. Ordering drugs online with the help of online doctors makes it easier for people to manage their medications around their (busy) lives.

Migraine injections one day to replace migraine tablets?

People who have been buying migraine medication online may soon have another option: instead of taking triptans like Sumatriptan, we could be injecting ourselves with new drugs like erenumab or fremanezumab. These new migraine drugs have less side effects than the triptans that are commonly used for treating migraines these days.

In fact, the NHS reports that “Millions of people are set to benefit from the first new migraine drug in 20 years”.

Diagnostic improvements

Diagnostics have never been this good — and we have data to thank for that.

Preventative medicine largely relies on big data and statistical analysis.

Spotting trends and using data to catch conditions before they escalate is improving mortality rates across a wide range of illnesses and conditions.

Healthcare robots

One of the ways to solve the problems of caring for an increasingly ageing population is to use robots. Though the concept of robot nurses is starting to catch on (especially in places like Japan), there is still a long way to go.

However, robots are constantly becoming more sophisticated and they can be used to administer drugs, monitor patients, and even provide ‘social contact’.

Robotic surgery is also an exciting development that makes for more affordable and precise surgeries (and better surgical training).

Cancer nanotherapy

The problem with common cancer treatments is that they destroy and damage a lot of healthy cells and tissue as part of cancer therapy.

Nanotechnology would allow for a much more precise and selective targeting of cancerous cells.

Nanotherapy is leading to a wider set of cancer therapeutics, as part of a new way of approaching cancer treatment that’s much more targeted and individualistic.

Pills for type one diabetes

Type one diabetics have long had to put up with painful insulin injections, insulin pens, and insulin pumps — so the invention of a pill for type one diabetes is a long-awaited and welcome development in the diabetic community.

Type one diabetes is a relatively common but serious ailment, so this could really change the lives of many people.

Medical data

The move towards electronic health records (EHR) is a big step forward in terms of transparency and managing patient records.

The current big data and the AI revolutions means that online healthcare and online patient records are increasingly common, reliable, and secure.

In fact, securely storing and sharing data is one of the future challenges for medtech innovators.

The medical field is always quick to adopt new technology in order to improve, save, and prolong human lives. What’s your favorite medical leap forwards?

X-rays are used to scan your body and find out if you have health issues that cannot be spotted by the naked eye. Despite the great benefits of X-rays, they do emit radiation and pose a risk of causing cancer. Below I’ve looked at how safe the three main types of X-ray are.

Recommended reading: 4 Things to Do Before Going into the X Ray Room

Are X-rays radioactive?

To get things out of the way, X-rays are not radioactive. X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation that occurs naturally and X-ray machines do not contain any radioactive material, meaning that even when they are energized there is no risk of you being contaminated.

Will X-rays give me cancer?

Because X-rays are a form of radiation, they classified as a carcinogen and this means that they are capable of causing cancer in living tissue. However, the risk of you getting cancer from an X-ray is small, with there being around a 1.2% chance of an X-ray causing cancer.

Which X-ray proceedure is most likely to cause cancer?

The cancer risk posed by X-rays depends on the part of your body being examined, with some areas receiving a higher concentration of radiation than others. Below are the different major body areas and how much natural background radiation (NBR) an X-ray on them is equivalent to:

  • Chest: 2.4 days of NBR
  • Skull: 12 days of NBR
  • Lumbar spine: 182 days of NBR
  • Head: 243 days of NBR
  • Upper gastrointestinal: 2 years of NBR
  • Barium enema: 2.7 years of NBR
  • Abdomen: 2.7 years of NBR

How safe is radiography?

Radiography is the most common type of X-ray that you can have, along with being the safest. Radiography is a type of imaging that lets physicians see the internal form of a life-form or object, giving the classic X-ray image. To create an image, electromagnetic radiation is projected towards an object.

What are the risks of fluoroscopy?

While radiography produces an internal image of an object, fluoroscopy is more like a movie of your insides. Fluoroscopy creates a continual image, making it possible for a radiographer or radiologist to see how your body’s organs are working. Though fluoroscopy does involve more radiation than radiography the amount is still minuscule.

Is computed tomography safe?

If you’ve ever seen a film or TV show where a patient is sent into a scanner, then they will be having an X-ray by computed tomography (CT). CT produces a 3-D image of your internal structure by sending a number of slice style rays over your body. Due to the large number of scans made during a single sitting, CT scans emit the most radiation of all X-rays but are still safe – hence why they are used.

While X-rays are a natural form of radiation and a type of carcinogenic, they are very safe and the benefits of having one vastly outweigh the risks of getting cancer. So next time you’re booked in for an X-ray, remember that the chances of your life being saved by one are much higher than the threat of getting cancer.

Nuclear medicine is a specialty where various radioactive materials are used, which through their gamma rays will emit the internal images of the body, especially the place you’re examining exactly.

It’s an alternative way to be able to visualize more deeply how the patient is and thus give a more accurate diagnosis. Here we leave you some facts about nuclear medicine you must know:

They give a wider diagnosis

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Through nuclear medicine, you can provide a broader diagnosis of what you’re studying. X-rays and all the technological forms to examine have become the most reliable way to detect any disease or condition.

Respective exams

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The nuclear medicine exams you can do are those of computed tomography (CT), radiographs or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); where you will get an image of the inner part of the body.

Less expensive

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The exams you can submit to nuclear medicine are cheaper than exploratory surgeries, also they are simpler and less risky.

Works for therapies

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It is also applied in therapeutic procedures, such as radioactive iodine therapy (I-131), which is the procedure to be applied for patients with cancer.

Detection

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Normally this type of exam is applied to detect diseases or conditions such as respiratory problems, blood flow problems, bone evaluation and any fracture, tumor or infection that has been suffered; abnormalities in the brain, neurological disorders, cancer, and many other things.

The way nuclear medicine has benefited the world is incredible because through it millions of lives have been saved by detecting diseases on time or by applying radiation treatments. We hope it will continue to advance and we can find more advantages in nuclear medicine.

Radiology is one of the most sought after areas of medicine because it has become indispensable for the detection of many diseases, disorders and more with the passage of time. Maybe not surprisingly it really is a very difficult area, where the technologies are increasingly more complex and have more demands for those choosing this path.

You Must Be Physically Prepared

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Radiology is an area of medicine with a high physical demand because it requires strength to perform actions such as lifting, pushing or bringing different types of equipment and machines, as well as being able to position patients before an examination, among other things; all of that while standing for hours on end.

Tips Are Lived Experiences

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All advice coming from anyone who works in the area of radiology and those with many years of experience should be well received any time since they’re coming from what they themselves went through, so you may be prepared to deal with the unexpected in case you encounter them yourself.

Don’t Be Afraid To Ask

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There are no silly questions, so don’t be afraid to ask anything you aren’t sure of. Don’t miss the opportunity to ask those who know what they’re talking about.

Take Your Time To Rest

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It’s necessary that you manage your time so you can properly rest your brain and body from long hours of study, practices and more. Otherwise, you may never give it your best in any test or activity if you haven’t rested even a little beforehand.

Study Groups

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Study groups are a great way to study, because not only can you share what you know about many important subjects with other people and be able to learn from them in return, by doing it this way you’ll likely feel more motivated to study than doing it alone in your home or in the library.

Even with the importance of Radiology to medicine right now, according to some studies it’s expected by the beginning of 2020 that the area of Radiology will grow by more than 20% on a global scale due to the increasing demand that’ll make it more necessary than ever in the medical field.

Some people have entered these rooms, but surely many didn’t know of some things to do before entering. So here you have some things you should do before going into the x-ray room:

Consult With Your Doctor First

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First, you must talk to your doctor, if he recommends you to do it or if he gives you the order. Also, you should ask if you have to be without breakfast because it’s a requirement normally for cases of digestive exams. And in case you’re pregnant, consult your doctor, too.

Wear Comfortable Clothes

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It’s recommended to wear comfortable clothes and shoes, because you have to remove all, or part of your clothes, during the time of the exam.

You Cannot Wear Jewelry Or Metal Things

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You must leave any kind of accessories in your house because before the exam you must remove everything. You cannot do this type of exams with anything metal on top, because it’s harmful.

Arrive In Advance

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It’s advisable to arrive in advance for the exam appointment because usually you have to fill out some documents by hospital rules, and to know more about your medical history. And obviously, you must have the doctor’s order, which is where the technologist will be informed about the parts that will be examined.

X-rays mean that your body, or especially the part that’s being examined, is exposed to small doses of ionizing radiation, and all of this, to be able to have an internal image. If you need to make one, you just have to take into account these tips and you’ll be ready.